Journalism in a Rapidly–Changing World
Originally, the term, “journalism” entails the reporting of current events and news via prints. This was primarily carried out through the newspaper. This was the shape it took in the 17th century until in later centuries where the advancement in technology and internet broaden the idea of what journalism encompasses.
Today, journalism involves the preparation, collection and distribution of pieces of information through newspapers, books, blogs, magazine, webcast, podcast, radio, etc
The concept of journalism have evolve over time, from the first English Weekly News published in 1609 to the very pieces of information dropped dropped in this very moment via the avalanche of news sources . It has transformed from its crude and raw state to a refined and ever dynamic state.
Journalism is perhaps the worse affected profession of all human evolution; never has any sector or strata of human life witness such a drastic spin of wheel. This was occasioned by the rapid and ever growing changes in the technological sector.
Practically everyone with access to smart phone has some what become a journalist. A simple content can go viral with a click of button. The downside to this, unlike the professional journalist is the veracity of some of the pieces of work. Stories from these sources are rarely investigated and are one sided.
Journalism in the 18th century was characterized by government imposed censorship and restrictions. Press freedom was easily under the whims and fancies of the government. The advent of social media and sprout vast sources of disseminating information have weaken the tight grip most government institutions on journalism.
In a bid to catch up with these changes government have set up state-owned social media network. ByteDance’ TikTok, a social media platform owned and managed by China government .
In some other cases, social media bills are being passed to stifle the spread of information on social media. Anti-social media bill was introduced by the Nigeria Senate to criminalise the use of social media in spreading false and malicious information in 2019 but was opposed.
Journalism nowadays is faced with the saturation of information market and increasing demand form easy and quick access to up-to-date detailed information. This have encouraged media houses to venture into alternative channels of disseminating information such as blogs, forum,social media sites, user generated content such as iReport.
Unlike old journalism Present day journalism goes beyond mere news reporting. Journalism in todays’ world affects the social, economic and mainly the political sphere of a society. It has become an instrument for power struggle among political leaders and a tool by the masses to engender changes in their society.
Journalism as a profession must to come in terms with her role in our ever-changing world of information, communication and social media.